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L'Introduction de l'État Civil Laïque à la Guadeloupe, 1792-1806

Lucien René Abenon
Proceedings of the Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society
Vol. 22, France in the New World (1998), pp. 1-12
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42952281
Page Count: 13
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
L'Introduction de l'État Civil Laïque à la Guadeloupe, 1792-1806
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Abstract

The law of 20 September 1792 provided for a new civil register to replace the old parish registers, but this regulation was not put into effect before the arrival in June 1794 of Victor Hugues, who not only expelled the British but also attacked the church. After this time, births, marriages and deaths were systematically noted by lay officials. They also noted divorces, and sometimes authorized marriages whose partners had already had some children together. In spite of the return of slavery in 1802, the establishment of the civil register marked a step towards equality before the law, when the old titles fell into disrepute and new citizens could be persons of African origin. It was thus one important aspect of the dismantling of the social and constitutional institutions of the ancien régime.

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