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Isolation, Long-Term Culture, and Ultrastructural Characterization of Adult Cardiomyopathic Cardiac Muscle Cells

Asish C. Nag and Mei Cheng
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology
Vol. 23, No. 4 (Apr., 1987), pp. 261-266
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4296055
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Isolation, Long-Term Culture, and Ultrastructural Characterization of Adult Cardiomyopathic Cardiac Muscle Cells
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Abstract

A long-term cell culture system for adult cardiomyopathic hamster cardiac muscle cells has been established. The diseased and control hearts were dissociated into single cell suspension with the modifications of our previous technique using collagenase and hyaluronidase as applied to the dissociation of the adult rat heart. The postperfusion of the diseased heart with Krebs-Ringer phosphate buffer and bovine serum albumin was very helpful in obtaining greater yield of viable diseased muscle cells; the cells were cultured for 4 wk. Approximately 60% of the myocytes from the diseased heart and 85% of the myocytes from the normal heart attached to the substrates and survived throughout the culture period. Approximately 60 to 70% of the cardiac myocytes from the diseased and control hearts were bi- or multinucleated; 30% of the diseased and 80% of the normal myocytes showed rhythmic contractility. Electron microscopy revealed the presence of two kinds of cardiac muscle cells in the diseased cell culture on the basis of their myofibril content: one with scanty myofibrils and another with abundant myofibrils. Myocytes with sparse myofibrils showed certain characteristic features that included autophagic vacuoles, amorphous matrix of fine filamentous texture, scattered strips of myofibrils, and abnormal organization of the Z-line. Cardiac muscle cells with abundant myofibrillar content contained unorganized myofibrils in certain sarcomeres. These studies demonstrate the feasibility of maintaining diseased cardiac muscle cells from adult cardiomyopathic hamsters for at least 4 wk in monolayer culture.

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