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IL MODELLO FEDERALE TRA NASCITA E CRISI DELLO STATO NAZIONE

Luisa Domenichelli
Il Politico
Vol. 61, No. 3 (178) (Luglio-Settembre 1996), pp. 411-441
Published by: Rubbettino Editore
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43101666
Page Count: 31
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IL MODELLO FEDERALE TRA NASCITA E CRISI DELLO STATO NAZIONE
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Abstract

The A. traces the historical evolution of the federal state and the parallel elaboration of constitutionalist doctrine. In the first part of the analysis, federal state is shown to be a manifestation of the modern state and not, as is often said, an alternative to this form of political organization. In fact, during the of the nation state, federalism has been a unifying instrument in non-homogeneous societies: it has provided a further criterion of identification that goes beyond local criteria, thus allowing for the creation of states whose dimenthe sions are adequate to the contemporary development of capitalism. During that historical period, which extends up to a few years ago, students of the federal staformation te have dealt above all with the analysis of the instruments used by federal states in the national policy making process. At the present time, on the other hand, we are faced with a different use of federalism: that of emphasizing cultural, ethnic economic differences among state elements. We speak of dissociative federalism in opposition to associative federalism, which was typical of the previous hi-storical period. In light of this deep change, the A. considers the role of the federal state in contemporary societies: the growing need for autonomy on the part of substates, which accompanies the crisis of the nation state, must be taken as a deviation from a theoretical pattern, however out of date. According to the A., it is possible to foster the autonomy of territosm rially peripheric subjects without giving up state unity, and to this purpose she suggests thinking carefully about the idea of equality between the central state and its elements.

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