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KOREA — DIE STAATSRECHTLICHE PROBLEMATIK EINES GETEILTEN STAATES IM VERGLEICH ZUR BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND

Youn-Soo Kim
Verfassung und Recht in Übersee / Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America
Vol. 7, No. 4 (1974), pp. 427-441
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43108417
Page Count: 15
Topics: Hats, War, Gilts
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
KOREA — DIE STAATSRECHTLICHE PROBLEMATIK EINES GETEILTEN STAATES IM VERGLEICH ZUR BUNDESREPUBLIK DEUTSCHLAND
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Abstract

From the beginning, the constitutional problems of the divided states of Korea and Germany have been different. While the division of Germany is a "perpetual reparation", the division of Korea was the result of a military action. Therefore, Korea still retains the necessary foundations for uniting the nation in the future — i. e. Territory, People and Sovereignty remain undivided in the eyes of international law. On the other hand, Germany has totally lost these foundations because of the conditions set by the neighboring countries and by the superpowers. Thus, Germany now consists, according to international law, of two seperate sovereign nations. Of course, the validity of German and Korean constitutions is limited to the "half-states". In Korea, this led to the North-and South-Korean dialogues and resulted in the North-South-Agreement of July 4th 1972, relating to the peaceful unification of Korea on the principle of a homogeneous nation. The first step after this agreement was the 1972 amendment of both Korean Constitutions. This first attempt was unsuccessful because of the internal problems of South Korea. Future success in the peaceful unification of Korea requires that both North and South Korea must first build Democracy in these countries.

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