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La réception du droit occidental en Ethiopie Contribution à la théorie de la Réception et de l'Implementation

Heinrich Scholler
Verfassung und Recht in Übersee / Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America
Vol. 32, No. 3 (3. Quartal 1999), pp. 296-313
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43110217
Page Count: 18
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
La réception du droit occidental en Ethiopie Contribution à la théorie de la Réception et de l'Implementation
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Abstract

The article deals, in four sections, with the reform and development of Ethiopian Law up to the Ethiopian Revolution of 1974. The revolution of 1974 divides the process of modernisation sharply into two different phases. This article covers the first phase. The second phase marked by the developments after 1991 will be covered by a subsequent publication in volume 33 (2000) of VRÜ. In the first part, the article discusses at large the different forms of transfer of foreign law: reception, implementation and imposition of law. The second part shows the medieval Ethiopian Law based on Fetha-Nagast. This code strongly influenced by Roman Law shaped the Ethiopian legal system a long time before modern European law was introduced. A third part deals with the reception of Western Law before 1955, and the final part shows the legal reforms after the revision of the constitution in 1955: the civil and the penal code. At the moment, Ethiopia is again reconsidering a new law reform. The origin of the modern codification and the problems of implementation must be of great interest for the new attempt to modernise the entire Ethiopian legal system.

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