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This article deals with the impacts of different kinds of human activities on the Baltic Sea: physical impacts, introduction of new species, eutrophication, effects of environmental chemicals, oil pollution problems etc. Scientific knowledge of the structure and function of the Baltic ecosystem is based on one hundred year old research traditions. Since the late 1960s this research has become more and more relevant for the protection of the Baltic Sea and its living resources. Some examples on recovery of Baltic environments following disturbances are presented.
Ambio © 1980 Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences