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Reproductive Failure in Baltic Sea Trout (Salmo trutta) Compared with the M74 Syndrome in Baltic Salmon (Salmo salar)

Peter Landergren, Lars Vallin, Lars Westin, Patric Amcoff, Hans Börjeson and Bjarne Ragnarsson
Ambio
Vol. 28, No. 1, Reproductive Disturbances in Baltic Sea Fish: An International Perspective (Feb., 1999), pp. 87-91
Published by: Springer on behalf of Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4314853
Page Count: 5
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Abstract

The results from an investigation performed at the Ar Laboratory, Gotland, Sweden during the period 1994-1998 revealed no reproduction disturbances in brown trout similar to those found in Atlantic salmon from the Baltic sea. Female-specific mortality of yolk-sac fry never exceeded 11%. The mean total thiamine concentration in yolk-sac fry ($5.5\pm 1.4\ {\rm nmol}\ {\rm g}^{-1}$; n = 20) well exceeds the threshold limit interval reported from Baltic salmon fry affected by M74 ($0.31-0.34\ {\rm nmol}\ {\rm g}^{-1}$). Analyses of astaxanthin in eyed eggs showed levels above values reported from Baltic salmon eggs that later developed into fry with M74. However, the levels are lower than the values reported from the salmon population of Lake Vänern and from the rivers Lagan and Götaälv on the Swedish west coast. Total carotenoid levels (mg carotenoid kg-1) in eggs from Gotland spawners decreased significantly with female size. Baltic sea trout from the Swedish river Åva have experienced high yolk-sac fry mortality rates with the peak mortality in 1992 (35 ± 20%). In addition, reproduction disturbances in sea trout are reported from 3 Swedish rivers along the Baltic coast (Dalälven, Indalsälven, and Umeälven). Differences in life histories of sea trout and salmon from the Baltic Sea are discussed in relation to the lower incidence of mortality in yolk-sac fry of Baltic sea trout.

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