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Energy Consumption and Acid Deposition in Northeast Asia
David G. Streets, Gregory R. Carmichael, Markus Amann and Richard L. Arndt
Vol. 28, No. 2 (Mar., 1999), pp. 135-143
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4314864
Page Count: 9
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Pollutant emissions, Sulfur, Soil pollution, Soil water, Water pollution, Air pollution, Energy consumption, Atmospheric acid deposition, Acid soils, Environmental pollution
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Northeast Asia is one of the most dynamic and diverse regions of the world. Fueled by high population growth and vibrant economies, energy consumption is currently 12% of the world's total and projected to increase by a factor of 2 to 3 by 2030. Because fossil fuels will provide much of this energy, emissions of sulfur dioxide are projected to increase by about the same amount. Northeast China is the main emitting region, and sulfur is transported across the Korean peninsula to Japan and beyond. Acid deposition is evident today and will increase dramatically in the future. It is projected that severe damage to ecosystems will occur throughout the region without the introduction of emission controls. Abatement technology could cost USD 10-30 billion annually by 2030 and still provide only partial protection. There is an urgent need for regional cooperation to improve the level of scientific understanding and develop a basis for regionwide control strategies.
Ambio © 1999 Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences