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Die dirigierende Verfassung und die Krise der Verfassungslehre am Beispiel Brasiliens

Gilberto Bercovici and São Paulo
Verfassung und Recht in Übersee / Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America
Vol. 37, No. 3 (3. Quartal 2004), pp. 286-330
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43239217
Page Count: 45
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Die dirigierende Verfassung und die Krise der Verfassungslehre am Beispiel Brasiliens
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Abstract

The article explores the tense and complex relationships between politics, State and Constitution, from the famous discussion about democracy and constitutionalism, through the paradoxes of the juridical formalism of Constitutional Law, the political law par excellence. We describe the occurence of a cycle of key-concepts during the history of Public Law. The Constitution was the key-concept during the revolutionary era, between XVIII and XIX centuries. The State became the key concept during the XIX century, with the General Theory of State as main discipline of the Public Law. But, with the contestation of the exclusively juridical method during the Weimar Republic, the Constitution became the key concept with the new discipline Theory of Constitution, the substitute of the old General Theory of State. This new discipline tried to include the political in the constitutional analysis, especially during the second post-war period. The main debate of the Theory of Constitution has oscillated between substantive and procedural theories of the Constitution, both striving for conducting politics and the State or excluding both from constitutional analysis. This trend culminates in the “Directive Constitution”, with its pretension to be a plan for the future of the entire society, and in the Constitutional Courts and the empting of the debate about politics and legitimacy in contemporary Constitutional Theory, which needs the “return to politics” and the “return to the State”, with a new and renewed Theory of State to get out of its present deadlock.

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