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Under Reconstruction: Ethnicity, Ethnic Nationalism, and the Future of the Nigerian State

Isiaka Alani Badmus
Verfassung und Recht in Übersee / Law and Politics in Africa, Asia and Latin America
Vol. 42, No. 2 (2009), pp. 212-239
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43239911
Page Count: 28
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Under Reconstruction: Ethnicity, Ethnic Nationalism, and the Future of the Nigerian State
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Abstract

This article, using a diachronic approach, advances the argument that a genuine national cohesion and the future of the Nigerian state cannot be fully guaranteed in the clear absence of addressing the inherent structural defects of the country's malfunctioning federalism. The Nigerian post-colony is, presently, confronted by the challenges pose by ethnicity/ethnic nationalism with negative consequences of political ethnicity, ethnic conflicts, etc. It is argued that the entrenchment of plural democracy has the capacity to address the lopsided policies of the central state that are at the peril of the weak federating states and most importantly, the oil-bearing ethnic minorities of Nigeria's Niger Delta. In addendum, the article argues and demonstrates that democracy in the real sense of has the potency of democratising the Nigerian nation-state; strengthening of mediatory and regulatory institutions; promoting intra- and inter-ethnic relations; etc. The agitations and activities of the oil-bearing ethnicities and various ethnic social movements of the Nigeria's Fourth Republic for autonomy and social justice were used to buttress this article's basic augments and concludes with the government's efforts in addressing Africa's most popular country's multilayered ethnic problems.

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