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Synthesis and Selection: Wynne-Edwards' Challenge to David Lack

Mark E. Borrello
Journal of the History of Biology
Vol. 36, No. 3 (Autumn, 2003), pp. 531-566
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4331829
Page Count: 36
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Synthesis and Selection: Wynne-Edwards' Challenge to David Lack
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Abstract

David Lack of Oxford University and V. C. Wynne-Edwards of Aberdeen University were renowned ornithologists with contrasting views of the modern synthesis which deeply influenced their interpretation and explanation of bird behavior. In the 1950's and 60's Lack became the chief advocate of neo-Darwinism with respect to avian ecology, while Wynne-Edwards developed his theory of group selection. Lack's position was consistent with the developing focus on individual level adaptation, which was a core concept of the modern synthesis. Alternatively, Wynne-Edwards viewed the emphasis on populations as the most important development provided by the modern synthesis. In this paper, I present the development of these two positions and trace their roots in the literature of the synthesis. Through an analysis of Lack's 1966 critique of Wynne-Edwards I conclude that Wynne-Edwards was, in many ways, justified in his pursuit of group level explanations.

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