Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

THE PHILOLOGY OF "AUK", AND RELATED MATTERS

W. B. Lockwood
Neuphilologische Mitteilungen
Vol. 79, No. 4 (1978), pp. 391-397
Published by: Modern Language Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43343225
Page Count: 7
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
THE PHILOLOGY OF "AUK", AND RELATED MATTERS
Preview not available

Abstract

The present uses of the term auk are shown to derive from Pennant's Zoology, 1768, which in turn is heavily indebted to Linnaeus' Systema Naturae, 1758. Previously auk had only been used in its traditional (West Norse) sense 'razorbill', going back to Ray-Willughby, Ornithology, 1678. The only other independent attestation of auk occurs in the northern proverb 'drunk as an auk', the motivation of which is considered. Other attestations are spurious, being based on Gaelic or Norn forms. It is, however, possible to identify auk disguised as hawk in certain local (north-western) sea-bird names, as herring hawk 'shearwater', also as a secondary corruption in Arran hawk 'diver' and its derivatives presupposing onomatopoeic Sc.Gael. *aranag, diminutive of *arana, cf. synonymous carara. Welsh gwalch y penwaig 'razorbill' lit. 'herring hawk' can now be understood as a loan translation from English. English influence is further detected in synonymous carfil which must represent a lost Eng. *carvebill.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
391
    391
  • Thumbnail: Page 
392
    392
  • Thumbnail: Page 
393
    393
  • Thumbnail: Page 
394
    394
  • Thumbnail: Page 
395
    395
  • Thumbnail: Page 
396
    396
  • Thumbnail: Page 
397
    397