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WHAT GRENDEL FOUND: "HEARDRAN HÆE"

James L. Rosier
Neuphilologische Mitteilungen
Vol. 75, No. 1 (1974), pp. 40-49
Published by: Modern Language Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43345489
Page Count: 10
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WHAT GRENDEL FOUND: "HEARDRAN HÆE"
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Abstract

Homonyms and homographs often cause difficulties in the interpretation of literary texts, particularly of texts in older forms of the language for which our knowledge of forms and usages is in varying degrees deficient. This paper concerns such a problem in Old English at Beowulf 719a heardran hale, where hale in form may represent hœl/hœlo or hœle/hœled. The discussion considers each possible form in turn according to the tests of morphology, syntax, meaning, meter, and context.

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