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CHARAKTEROLOGIA WEDŁUG I. KANTA: CHARAKTERYSTYKA ANTROPOLOGICZNA

JÓZEF PASTUSZKA
Roczniki Filozoficzne / Annales de Philosophie / Annals of Philosophy
Vol. 21, No. 4, PSYCHOLOGIE / PSYCHOLOGIE / PSYCHOLOGIA (1973), pp. 153-164
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43407243
Page Count: 12
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CHARAKTEROLOGIA WEDŁUG I. KANTA: CHARAKTERYSTYKA ANTROPOLOGICZNA
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Abstract

Kant's negative attitude towards psychology is commonly known. He denied psychology to be the science, disputing against the scientific value of the introspective material as well as against the considerations concerning the human ego. Kant did not even use the traditional term of psychology. It was also him who made an attempt to substitute psychology for anthropology where the material constituting the theme of empirical has been included in so-called didactic anthropology, while the problems of ethology, psychology of psychic differences etc., were meant to be the subject of anthropological characteristics. The present article deals with the latter problem showing that Kant was a keen observer of psychic life of man, its main forms and attitudes, what is made clear by his penetrating remarks concerning this particular problem. But in fact his psychological opinions did not depart from the common XVIIIth century views or did they offer any novelty. Kant's most interesting views concerning the psychology of sex and the psychology of nations clearly vary from the contemporary judgements. He always stressed the greatness and dignity of man as well as man's specific individuality in comparison to animals.

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