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Environmental Justice and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Case Study on the Siting of MTA's Bus Depot in Harlem, New York

Charles R. Johnson, Jr. and Glenn S. Johnson
Race, Gender & Class
Vol. 19, No. 3/4, Social Justice, Environmental Justice, New Racism, and Race, Gender and Class (2012), pp. 196-216
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43497496
Page Count: 21
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Environmental Justice and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Case Study on the Siting of MTA's Bus Depot in Harlem, New York
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Abstract

The New York City Metropolitan Transit Authority buses provide service to low-income and minority residents of Northern Manhattan which allow them accessibility to the rest of the city. However, without the buses these residents would not be able to commute to their respective jobs outside of their communities. The Manhattan depots were overcrowded which resulted in many buses being parked on streets near the depots which blocked traffic in the area. This article provides an examination of West Harlem Environmental Action Inc. protest of the building of a second bus depot in West Harlem, New York. The authors use the environmental justice framework to examine and analyze the policies and practices surrounding the siting of the bus depot. This case study addresses two critical questions: How effective is Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in protecting racially segregated neighborhoods from both environmental racism and institutional discrimination? Also, Does Title VI hinders the ability of the community-based organizations from lobbying the rights of under-represented groups?

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