Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

"Toronto Has No History!" Indigeneity, Settler Colonialism, and Historical Memory in Canada's Largest City

Victoria Freeman
Urban History Review / Revue d'histoire urbaine
Vol. 38, No. 2, Special Issue: Encounters, Contests, and Communities: New Histories of Race and Ethnicity in the Canadian City (Spring 2010 printemps), pp. 21-35
Published by: Urban History Review
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43560271
Page Count: 15
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
"Toronto Has No History!" Indigeneity, Settler Colonialism, and Historical Memory in Canada's Largest City
Preview not available

Abstract

In 1884, during a week-long commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of Toronto's incorporation in 1834, tens of thousands celebrated Toronto's history and its relation to British colonialism and imperialism. The author's analysis of the historical tableaux in the first day's parade and speeches by Daniel Wilson, president of University College, and Chief Samson Green of the endinaga Mohawks reveals divergent approaches to commemoration as "politics by other means": on one hand, the erasure of the area's Indigenous past and the celebration of its European future, on the other, an idealized view of the past of Indigenous-settler partnership that ignores the role of local settlers in the dispossession of the Mississaugas. The 1884 commemoration marks the transition from the founding of the settlement in 1793 to its incorporation in 1834 as the city's "founding moment" and marker of the assumed "indigeneity" of settler-immigrants. The deed acquired from the Mississaugas in the Toronto Purchase of 1787 is deemed irrelevant, while the 1834 Act of Incorporation becomes the symbolic deed to Toronto's modernity. En 1884, au cours d'une semaine complète d'événements commémorantle 50e anniversaire de l'incorporation de Toronto en 1834, des dizaines de milliers de gens fêtent l'histoire de Toronto et sa relation avec le colonialisme et l'impérialisme britannique. Une analyse des fresques historiques du défilé de la première journée des célébrations et de discours prononcés par Daniel Wilson, président de l'University College, et par le chef de Samson Green des Mohawks de endinaga dévoile de divergentes approches relatives à la commémoration comme « politique par d'autres moyens » : d'une part, le camouflage dupasse indigène de la région et la célébration de son avenir européen, de l'autre, une vision idéalisée du partenariat passé entre peuples autochtones et colons qui ignore la rôle de ces derniers dans la dépossession des Indiens de Mississauga. La commémoration de 1884 marque la transition entre la fondation du village en 1793 et l'incorporation de la ville en 1834 comme « moment fondateur » et symbole de la supposée « autochtonie » des colons immigrants. Le titre de propriété acquis des Mississaugas lors de l'achat de Toronto en 1787 es jugé sans importance, tandis que la Loi d'incorporation de 1834 devient l'acte symbolique de la modernité de Toronto.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
21
    21
  • Thumbnail: Page 
22
    22
  • Thumbnail: Page 
23
    23
  • Thumbnail: Page 
24
    24
  • Thumbnail: Page 
25
    25
  • Thumbnail: Page 
26
    26
  • Thumbnail: Page 
27
    27
  • Thumbnail: Page 
28
    28
  • Thumbnail: Page 
29
    29
  • Thumbnail: Page 
30
    30
  • Thumbnail: Page 
31
    31
  • Thumbnail: Page 
32
    32
  • Thumbnail: Page 
33
    33
  • Thumbnail: Page 
34
    34
  • Thumbnail: Page 
35
    35