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MULHERES BUDISTAS COMO LÍDERES E PROFESSORAS

RITA M. GROSS, José T. M. Bacellar and Rosa Weiss
Estudos Feministas
Vol. 13, No. 2 (maio-agosto - 2005), pp. 415-423
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43596725
Page Count: 9
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Abstract

No budismo, o popel do professor de dharma (religioso) é o função mois prestigiosa, e o professor de dharma tern mais autoridade do que qualquer outro líder. Apesor de os ensinomentos budistos nāo conterem nenhuma doutrina que limite esso função ao homem, na prática, em todo o histório budista, forom pouqussimas as mulheres que se tornaram conhecidos como professoras de dharma. Algumas pessoas acham que essos práticas não prejudicom as mulheres, porque estos podem, ainda assim, receber os ensinamentos, fazer as práticas mais avonçadas e obter altos níveis de esclarecimento espiritual. Contudo, eu afirmo que o foto de não haver professoras de dharma reconhecidos foi nocivo seja para as mulheres budistas, seja para o próprio budismo. Isso tem a ver com o legado das comunidades de monjas em muitas partes de mundo budista, com os baixos podrões de educoção para as mulheres, com o fraco prestígio de que gozom os proticantes mulheres, folto de modelos para as mulheres e com o perda da sabedoria feminine no heronça do pensamento budista. Até que as professoras de dharma não forem omplomente reconhecidas e honrodos, o budismo continuorá sendo perseguido por seu possodo patriarcol, prejuízo de todos. In Buddhism, the role of the dharma (religious) teacher is the most prestigious role, and dharma teachers have more authority that any other leaders. Though the Buddhist teachings contain no doctrines that limit this role to men, in practice throughout Buddhist history, very few women have been publicly acknowledged as dharma teachers. Some people claim that this practice does not harm women because women can, nevertheless, receive teachings, do advanced practices, and attain high states of spiritual realization. However, I claim that the practice of not recognizing women as dharma teachers has been very harmful both to Buddhist women and to Buddhism itself. It has lead to the demise of the nuns' community in many parts of the Buddhist world, to lower standards of education for women, to lower prestige for women practitioners, to the lack of role models for women, and to the loss of women's wisdom from the heritage of Buddhist thought. Until women dharma teachers are widely recognized and honored, Buddhism will continue to be haunted by its patriarchal past, to the loss of everyone concerned.

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