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Gutuater: nom propre ou nom commun ?

Yann Le Bohec
Gallia
Vol. 58 (2001), pp. 363-367
Published by: Revue Gallia; CNRS Editions
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43608349
Page Count: 5
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Gutuater: nom propre ou nom commun ?
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Abstract

Deux passages de la Guerre des Gaules emploient le mot GVTVATER (VII, 3, 1; VIII, 38, 5). Plusieurs historiens et latinistes l'ont pris pour un nom propre, et ont parfois appuyé leur démonstration par un recours à l'épigraphie latine. Un examen attentif des quatre inscriptions qui l'emploient, et qui datent il est vrai du Haut-Empire, montre qu'elles en font un nom commun, assurément dans deux cas, très probablement dans Us deux autres. La révolte des Carnutes en 52 a donc été provoquée sans doute par un prêtre, le gutuater. The word GVTVATER occurs twice in the De Bello Gallico (VII, 3, 1; VIII, 38, 5). Some historians and latinists have thought that it was a proper noun; sometimes, they used latin epigraphy to back up their assertion. But if we look carefully at the four inscriptions where it is mentioned, which date all of them from the Principate, we see that it was a common noun in undoubtedly two cases, and only probably in the two other texts. So, a priest, the gutuater, is likely to have provoked the revolt of the Carnutes in 52.

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