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SHAPE-PRESERVING SOLUTIONS OF THE TIME-DEPENDENT DIFFUSION EQUATION

FRANK S. HAM
Quarterly of Applied Mathematics
Vol. 17, No. 2 (JULY, 1959), pp. 137-145
Published by: Brown University
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43634921
Page Count: 9
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SHAPE-PRESERVING SOLUTIONS OF THE TIME-DEPENDENT DIFFUSION EQUATION
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Abstract

Exact solutions to the time-dependent diffusion equation are exhibited which correspond to the diffusion-limited growth of ellipsoidal precipitate particles with constant shape and dimensions proportional to the square root of the time. The asymmetry of the diffusion field in these solutions is consistent with the preservation of the particle's shape during growth even if the diffusivity is anisotropic. Limiting cases for simpler geometries are derived and shown to be in agreement with previously known results for radially symmetric particles and isotropic diffusion. Similar solutions for hyperboloidal surfaces are exhibited and generalizations are considered analogous to those discussed by Danckwerts for one-dimensional diffusion.

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