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Konsumverhalten im ländlichen Java

Thomas Schweizer
Sociologus
Neue Folge / New Series, Vol. 30, No. 2 (1980), pp. 123-153
Published by: Duncker & Humblot GmbH
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43645129
Page Count: 31
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Konsumverhalten im ländlichen Java
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Abstract

In this article, consumption is analysed in three aspects: daily consumption, luxury consumption and ceremonial consumption. A theory is developed which tries to explain consumption behavior of rural Javanese households as an effect of contextual (regional and temporal/static and dynamic) variables and individual variables (budget and preferences). The main findings from an analysis of field data on consumption in a Central Javanese village are: (1) There is considerable variation in patterns of consumption among the various occupational groups. Shared poverty is absent, and even farm labourers live above the poverty line. (2) Contrary to common thinking on the 'green revolution' it is argued for this village case that agricultural intensification did not impoverish the poor. Rather, the green revolution diminished poverty in absolute terms, thus benefitting all people. But it likewise increased inequality by giving the rich a higher share. Finally, it is suggested that a closer look at contextual variables might reveal this unexpected result also in other villages of rural Java.

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