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Power-sharing and Conflict Management in Africa: Nigeria, Sudan and Rwanda

R.T. Akinyele
Africa Development / Afrique et Développement
Vol. 25, No. 3/4 (2000), pp. 199-223
Published by: CODESRIA
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43658049
Page Count: 25
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Power-sharing and Conflict Management in Africa: Nigeria, Sudan and Rwanda
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Abstract

La nature des conflits en Afrique continue d'attirer l'attention des universitaires. La principale raison est le fait que la plupart des violents conflits de nos jours ont lieu sur le continent. Cet article attribue le caractère ethnique de la majorité des conflits à la capacité de l'ethnicité de modifier ou de nourrir d'autres formes de conflits. En prenant le Nigeria, le Soudan et le Rwanda comme études de cas, l'article propose l'adoption de la notion de Présidence tournante et celle de la répartition en zones des bureaux les plus importants de l'Etat comme solution à la peur d'une domination sectorielle, qui est au centre de beaucoup de conflits. The nature of conflicts in Africa has continued to attract the attention of scholars. This is largely because most of the violent conflicts currently witnessed in the world are taking place on the continent. This article attributes the ethnic character of most of the conflicts to the capacity of ethnicity to modify or feed on other forms of conflicts. Using Nigeria, Sudan and Rwanda as case studies, the article proposes the adoption of Rotational Presidency and the Zoning of important State offices as a solution to the fear of sectional domination which is at the centre of many conflicts.

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