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Trends in Tubewell Irrigation, 1951-78

B. D. Dhawan
Economic and Political Weekly
Vol. 14, No. 51/52 (Dec. 22-29, 1979), pp. A143+A145-A147+A149+A151-A154
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4368254
Page Count: 9
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Trends in Tubewell Irrigation, 1951-78
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Abstract

Tubewell technology came to India at the turn of the century, but because of numerous constraints, this new groundwater technology diffused extremely slowly in the years before Independence. Private tubewell irrigation picked up with the beginning of the first Five-Year Plan, and since then the number of private tubewells has risen steadily, from 3,000 in 1951 to 22,000 in 1961, 540,000 in 1971 and about 1.75 million in 1978. Area irrigated by tubewells too (both public and private) has increased from about 0.25 million hectares in 1961-62 to about five and a half million hectares in 1973-74. Today, tubewells probably account for 30 per cent of the total irrigation facilities of the country, though the percentage varies widely from state to state. This article attempts to assess the trends in tubewell irrigation during the 1951-78 period of planning and analyse the chief factors behind these trends.

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