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Energy Crisis and Its Impact on Energy Consumers in Third World: I
D. R. Pendse
Economic and Political Weekly
Vol. 15, No. 3 (Jan. 19, 1980), pp. 107-109+111-116
Published by: Economic and Political Weekly
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4368330
Page Count: 9
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Though they woke up to the problem only in October 1973, the energy crisis had long been a writing on the wall for the industrial world and, even more, for the countries of the Third World. For a country like India, the immediate impact was traumatic for all sectors of energy consumers. Two options are now open: (i) to keep augmenting supplies of fossil-fuel energy to match ever-increasing consumption (the hard path); and (ii) to conserve such non-renewable fossil-fuel sources of supply and tap increasingly the renewable sources (the soft path). The soft path is the more workable option for the industrial world as also for the Third World; though there will be immense difficulties in its acceptance and inevitable time-lags in its implementation. The industrial nations, the author argues, need to come forth to help the Third World adopt the soft path. They have the wherewithal to conduct research into the abundant base of renewable energy sources of the Third World countries, to develop appropriate equipment and appliances and to make them available on soft terms. Consumers and their organisations, particularly in the Third World, need to adopt concrete programmes aimed at creating awareness of the dimensions and implications of the energy crisis. [This paper is published in two parts. The second part will appear next week.]
Economic and Political Weekly © 1980 Economic and Political Weekly