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Grouping of Villages in Mizoram: Its Social and Economic Impact
Economic and Political Weekly
Vol. 16, No. 30 (Jul. 25, 1981), pp. 1237+1239-1240
Published by: Economic and Political Weekly
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4370043
Page Count: 3
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This paper considers the structural consequences of the grouping of villages in the Mizo Hills district of Assam (now the Union Territory of Mizoram) introduced in 1967, as part of the programme to contain and defeat the insurgency in the district. While the proclaimed objective of the scheme was to safeguard the villages from the forces of the Mizo National Front and at the same time accelerate developmental work, the actual ways in which it functioned resulted in extensive dislocation of social and economic life. The forced movement of the people led to a concentration of agricultural workers in the grouping centres; and with the exhaustion of all available land in these centres, the already short cycle of jhum cultivation was further shortened, leading to steep falls in agricultural production and food shortages. The extensive dislocation of jhum cultivation also affected social harmony leading to steep falls in agricultural production and food shortages. The extensive dislocation of jhum cultivation also affected social harmony leading to new forms of social tension like violent crime, gambling and and alcoholism, practices relatively unknown in the region till then. The paper considers in some detail these social and economic consequences of regrouping with reference to two grouping centres, one in the jhum area and another in the wet rice cultivation area.
Economic and Political Weekly © 1981 Economic and Political Weekly