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Trade Unions, Rule Making and Industrial Relations

E. A. Ramaswamy
Economic and Political Weekly
Vol. 20, No. 12 (Mar. 23, 1985), pp. 517-519+521-524
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4374202
Page Count: 7
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Trade Unions, Rule Making and Industrial Relations
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Abstract

This paper seeks to explain industrial conflict and consensus by reference to the process of setting norms. In the context of Indian industrial relations, it is possible to identify different kinds of norms with divergent sources. There are norms by consent; by executive fiat; by third party mediation in the form of conciliation, arbitration or adjudication; and by legislation. There are in addition grey areas where norms have either not crystallised or are set independently and in conflict by labour and management. The author assesses the consequences of different kinds of norms for industrial relations. The objective is not a comprehensive analysis of all norms and normless areas in any particular situation, but to choose examples from a wide range of situations to explain the roots of conflict and co-operation between labour and management. The instances are drawn from field researches among workers and their unions and interaction with managers from a cross-section of Indian industry.

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