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BANDITISMO E CIVILITAS NELLA CILICIA TRACHEIA ANTICA E TARDOANTICA

Ariel Lewin
Quaderni storici
NUOVA SERIE, Vol. 26, No. 76 (1), Scambi e identità culturale: la Cilicia (aprile 1991), pp. 167-184
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43778581
Page Count: 18
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BANDITISMO E CIVILITAS NELLA CILICIA TRACHEIA ANTICA E TARDOANTICA
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Abstract

Tracheian Cilicia during the II-I centuries B. C. and in the late period of Antiquity was the background for remarkable activities by bandits. In the earliest episodes, piracy is linked to banditry on land in a surprisingly wide range of action; the activity of the Cilicians was finally suppressed by Pompey. After a period during which the region was administered by vassal kings -who had to sustain fights in order to eliminate groups of resistance and who favoured the penetration of Grecian-Roman culture -Tracheia was eventually incorporated in the vast province of Cilicia at the time of Vespasian. In the pax Romana, Tracheia partly lost its centrifugal attitudes, and it may be assumed that there was then created in the region a climate of peaceful coexistence between the montaineers dedicated to stook-raising and the agriculturalists. This could take place thanks to the efficient supervision by the city police-forces and to the patronage exercised by the leading citizens towards the rustic population. The imperial crisis of the III century contributed to the rebirth of bandit activity in Tracheia. The resistance to the central government was achieved by actions of guerrilla warfare and of open war; the imperial party was thenceforth no more able to ensure a situation of peaceful co-existance.

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