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CONFLITTI DI PRECEDENZA, USO DEGLI ARCHIVI E STORIOGRAFIA LOCALE ALLA FINE DEL CINQUECENTO (PAVIA 1592)

Marie Lezowski and Benedetta Borello
Quaderni storici
NUOVA SERIE, Vol. 45, No. 133 (1), Scritture di storia (APRILE 2010), pp. 7-39
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43779673
Page Count: 33
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
CONFLITTI DI PRECEDENZA, USO DEGLI ARCHIVI E STORIOGRAFIA LOCALE ALLA FINE DEL CINQUECENTO (PAVIA 1592)
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Abstract

La rifondazione della Cancelleria milanese ad opera di Carlo Borromeo è stata concepita come una manifestazione del ripristino dell'autorità arcivescovile. La capacità di riforma passò attraverso il recupero e l'acquisizione di complessi documentari antichi e recenti, rintracciati nel corso delle visite pastorali. C'erano tuttavia alcune iniziative locali che ostacolavano la concentrazione delle carte, spesso descritta come ineluttabile. Nel 1592, in occasione di un processo in cui si affrontarono il vescovo di Pavia e l'arcivescovo milanese, un membro del patriziato pavese venne inviato a Roma per reperire nuove prove documentarie a sostegno dell'indipendenza della diocesi della sua città. Questa missione erudita, ed il suo successo, invitano a uno studio degli usi giudiziari della storiografia locale tridentina. This article offers a judicial interpretation of ecclesiastical history in the Tridentine period, too often analysed in generic terms. Carlo Borromeo's ability to implement reforms was conditioned by the possibility to retrieve and copy archival documents in the course of pastoral visits. However, the case of Pavia in the second half of the 16th century shows that local interests had to be taken in account. In 1592, in the context of a trial before the Tribunal of the Roman Rota, which opposed the bishop of Pavia to the archbishop Borromeo over the independence of the diocese of Pavia from Milan, a local patrician traveled to Rome in search of evidence. In this way he managed to outflank the closest cultural centre, Milan. Nevertheless the patrician had to regularly account for his activity: his erudite search could in no way contradict the established local history. Above all, his mission offered him the opportunity of establishing relations useful to the trial. In a second round of the dispute, when the links between printed history and the evidence produced before the court in the trial were questioned, it appeared that the printed account was very close to the papers intended for the judges, as shown by few examples of the 1590' s.

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