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Comparative effectiveness of the powders of some underutilized botanicals for the control of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)

Durojaye O Ojo and Rachael F Ogunleye
Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection
Vol. 120, No. 5/6 (December 2013), pp. 227-232
Published by: Verlag Eugen Ulmer KG
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43855770
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Comparative effectiveness of the powders of some underutilized botanicals for the control of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae)
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Abstract

Biological activities of eight plant powders including Piptadeniastrum africanum (rootbark), Piptadeniastrum africanum (leaf), Piper guineense, Aristolochia repens, Alstonia boneei, Xylopia aethiopica, Garcinia kola and Picralima nitida were assessed under prevailing atmospheric condition (28 ± 2°C, 70-75 r. h.) in laboratory on Callosobruchus maculatus at four treatment levels of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 g of plant powders per 20 g of cowpea seeds corresponding to 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10.0% w/w. Percentage beetle mortality was determined at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h after treatment. The results obtained showed that powder of P. guineense was the most toxic to C. maculatus evoking 100% mortality at day four with treatment levels of 5.0, 7.5 and 10.0% w/w respectively. The plant powders of P. africanum (rootbark), P. africanum (leaf) and A repens evoked 85.00%, 85.50% and 80.00% mortality at day four with treatment level of 10.00% w/w. The least toxic powders were those of A boonei, X. aethiopica, G. kola and P. nitida. Furthermore, evaluation of the plant powders on survival and development of maculatus revealed that fecundity and adult emergence were drastically reduced in all treatments except those with G. kola and A boonei.

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