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Las mujeres de derecha y las movilizaciones contra los gobiernos de Brasil y Chile (1960 y 1970)

María Stella Toro Céspedes
Estudos Feministas
Vol. 23, No. 3 (setembro-dezembro – 2015), pp. 817-837
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43903966
Page Count: 21
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Abstract

A 40 años del golpe de Estado ocurrido en Chile y a 50 años del golpe ocurrido en Brasil (1964,) resulta interesante analizar y comparar las movilizaciones y acciones de protesta y desestabilización que encabezaron las mujeres de derecha contra los gobiernos de Goulart y Allende. En ambos países desarrollaron campañas en contra de gobiernos constitucionalmente elegidos, para lo cual se agruparon, recibieron apoyo, establecieron alianzas con otros sectores, salieron al espacio público, exigieron la renuncia de los presidentes y llamaron al resto de las mujeres a manifestarse en contra del marxismo y en defensa de la patria, el orden y la familia. Las actuaciones de estas mujeres y su efectividad estuvieron profundamente marcadas por la defensa de los roles tradicionales de género y por concepciones de la participación política femenina que tendían a negar el carácter político de la actuación de las mujeres. 40 years after the Chilean military coup d'état in Chile (1973) and 50 years after the coup in Brazil (1964), it is interesting to analyze and compare the demonstrations and protest actions that right-wing women (middle class and bourgeois women) led in order to destabilize the governments ofGoulart and Allende. In both countries these women led successful campaigns against the constitutionally elected governments. For this objective, they gathered together, established coalitions with other sectors, received increased support, went out to the public space, demanded the resignation of the president and called for other women to speak out against the Marxism and the defense of the homeland, the order and the family. These women's actions and their effectiveness were deeply marked by the defense of the traditional gender roles and the conceptions of women's political participation which tended to deny the political nature of the women's performance.

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