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Gaabgol et Kuumeen: cohésion sociale et disparités économiques (Gaaϭgol and Kuumeen: Levelling Mechanisms within a Homogeneous Group)

Ryo Ogawa
Cahiers d'Études Africaines
Vol. 34, Cahier 133/135, L'archipel peul (1994), pp. 281-293
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4392523
Page Count: 13
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Gaabgol et Kuumeen: cohésion sociale et disparités économiques (Gaaϭgol and Kuumeen: Levelling Mechanisms within a Homogeneous Group)
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Abstract

The Jenngelϭe, a Fulani group living in the Djolof area of Senegal, form a hierarchical society: the free Jenngelϭe follow a pastoral way of life; artisans are organized in a caste-like system; and then, there are the former slaves. The Jenngelϭe have a status socially but not necessarily economically higher than that of other peoples. To maintain this higher status, they need to form a homogeneous group; but they do not seem to have any system for maintaining homogeneity. They often mention methods, called gaaϭgol, for finding good or bad signs in women or domestic animals. They also refer to the existence in their country of a mystic being, Kuumeen. What people say about gaaϭgol and Kuumeen spark rumors that maintain the society's internal order.

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