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Special Elections to the U. S. House: Some Descriptive Generalizations
Legislative Studies Quarterly
Vol. 6, No. 4 (Nov., 1981), pp. 577-588
Published by: Washington University
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/439386
Page Count: 12
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This paper summarizes an attempt to describe special elections to the U.S. House of Representatives in terms of their most important characteristics-turnout, victory margins, and especially the flow of party control. Such elections are the U.S. counterpart of by-elections in Great Britain. The analysis focuses on the 97 special House elections that were held between 1954 and 1978; data on general elections, both on-year and off-year, are also employed for comparative purposes. Special elections are found to resemble off-year elections in several respects, though there are also some crucial differences between these two less visible types of House elections.
Legislative Studies Quarterly © 1981 Washington University