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The 'Problem' of the Urban Poor Policy and Discourse of Local Administration: A Study in Uttar Pradesh in the Interwar Period

Nandini Gooptu
Economic and Political Weekly
Vol. 31, No. 50 (Dec. 14, 1996), pp. 3245-3254
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4404882
Page Count: 10
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The 'Problem' of the Urban Poor Policy and Discourse of Local Administration: A Study in Uttar Pradesh in the Interwar Period
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Abstract

Based on a case study of four of the largest towns of Uttar Pradesh, this paper discusses the measures of the local authorities to reduce urban overcrowding, to improve sanitary and public health conditions and to implement town-planning schemes, all of which were undertaken in the interwar period on a far more extensive scale than ever before. It demonstrates that these policies contributed significantly to the 'creation' of the 'problem' of the urban poor, both materially by intensifying their scarcity of housing or impairing their sources of livelihood and discursively by categorising them as a distinct social group defined by their undesirable habits and practices.

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