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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Pneumonia: A Comprehensive Review of Clinical Data

Torsten T. Bauer, Santiago Ewig, Arne C. Rodloff and Eckhard E. Müller
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Vol. 43, No. 6 (Sep. 15, 2006), pp. 748-756
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4463929
Page Count: 9
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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Pneumonia: A Comprehensive Review of Clinical Data
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Abstract

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and pneumonia are closely correlated in the critically ill patient. Whereas ARDS is often complicated by nosocomial pneumonia, pulmonary infection is also the most frequent single cause of ARDS. The prevalence of pneumonia during the course of ARDS seems to be particularly high, but whether persons with ARDS are more susceptible to pneumonia or simply have more risk factors remains unknown because of methodological limitations. Recent research suggests that host factors have a major bearing on the development of ARDS. To date, sepsis seems to be the principal link between pneumonia and ARDS. However, prospective observational data on this supposed sequence are not available. The individual role of specific pathogens for the development of ARDS is difficult to assess, because prospective studies are missing. Respiratory viruses have received particular attention, but this review suggests that infections with coronavirus and avian influenza virus (H5N1) are associated with a high incidence of ARDS.

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