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The Recruitment of Women to Cabinet and Subcabinet Posts

Janet M. Martin
The Western Political Quarterly
Vol. 42, No. 1 (Mar., 1989), pp. 161-172
DOI: 10.2307/448662
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/448662
Page Count: 12
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The Recruitment of Women to Cabinet and Subcabinet Posts
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Abstract

There has been an increase in the numbers of women appointed to cabinet and subcabinet posts over the past fifteen years, as well as an increase in the range of departments to which women are appointed. However, there is an apparent symbolic attachment to the appointment of women: women are more likely to be selected as initial than as replacement appointees, and overwhelmingly for outer cabinet posts. There is a tendency to turn toward the Washington community for replacements. A dearth of women in Congress, and in high-level executive branch posts, decreases the likelihood of women becoming midterm appointments. Interest groups provide women with a career route different from that of men, but also limit the range of departments to which women are appointed. Women appear to have experiences similar to those of men in terms of job satisfactions and frustrations. Some differences reflect the nature of the posts to which they are appointed.

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