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Measuring the Impact of Meat Packing and Processing Facilities in Nonmetropolitan Counties: A Difference-in-Differences Approach
Georgeanne M. Artz, Peter F. Orazem and Daniel M. Otto
American Journal of Agricultural Economics
Vol. 89, No. 3 (Aug., 2007), pp. 557-570
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4492836
Page Count: 14
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Employment, Industrial growth, Meat packing industry, Livestock industries, Wages, Meats, Process engineering, Plants, Plant growth, Industry
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Considerable controversy exists regarding the costs and benefits of growth in the meat packing and processing industry for rural counties. This study investigates the effects of this industry on social and economic outcomes in nonmetropolitan counties of 23 Midwestern and Southern states from 1990 to 2000. Results suggest that as the meat packing industry's share of a county's total employment and wage bill rises, total employment growth increases. However, employment growth in other sectors slows, as does local wage growth. Industry growth has little impact on local crime rates or on growth of government spending on education, health, or police protection.
American Journal of Agricultural Economics © 2007 Agricultural & Applied Economics Association