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Social Policy and Immigrant Joblessness in Britain, Germany and Sweden

Christel Kesler
Social Forces
Vol. 85, No. 2 (Dec., 2006), pp. 743-770
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4494938
Page Count: 28
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Social Policy and Immigrant Joblessness in Britain, Germany and Sweden
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Abstract

I examine patterns of joblessness among immigrant men and women from 33 countries of origin now living in Britain, Germany and Sweden. Access to welfare, access to the labor market, job segregation and institutional support for women's employment define distinct policy configurations in these three destinations. Findings show that gaps in joblessness between immigrants and the native-born are larger in Sweden than in Britain and Germany, net of human capital, socio-demographic characteristics and sending country. However, long-settled immigrants have more similar outcomes across the three countries than recent newcomers. Also, immigrant women in Sweden work at higher absolute rates than immigrant women elsewhere. This suggests that gendered employment policies in destination countries are a crucial dimension of immigrant economic incorporation. Ultimately, such policies also shape the fiscal impact of immigration.

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