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Occurrence of a Calcified Pseudodontoid in Leptodactylus troglodytes (Anura: Leptodactylidae)

Antonio Sebben, Natan M. Maciel, Leandro A. Campos, Marcelo N. C. Kokubum and Hélio Ricardo da Silva
Journal of Herpetology
Vol. 41, No. 2 (Jun., 2007), pp. 337-340
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4498594
Page Count: 4
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Occurrence of a Calcified Pseudodontoid in Leptodactylus troglodytes (Anura: Leptodactylidae)
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Abstract

A calcified pseudodontoid in the mandibular symphysis of Leptodactylus troglodytes was described from fresh, macerated, and cleared/double-stained preparations. Histology confirmed that the pseudodontoid was mineralized and composed of fibrocartilage. This structure was found in all specimens of both sexes, suggesting a role in either prey capture or defense rather than in courtship or combat. The structure in L. troglodytes differed morphologically and histologically from the pseudodontoid observed in other Leptodactylus and in other neobatrachian species. Our sampling indicates that the presence and morphology of the pseudodontoid is synapomorphic to a clade recently named Tinctanura. However, a broader sample is still necessary to strengthen this assessment.

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