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Identification of Multiple Cancer/Testis Antigens by Allogeneic Antibody Screening of a Melanoma Cell Line Library
Yao-Tseng Chen, Ali O. Gure, Solam Tsang, Elisabeth Stockert, Elke Jager, Alexander Knuth and Lloyd J. Old
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 95, No. 12 (Jun. 9, 1998), pp. 6919-6923
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/45041
Page Count: 5
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Cancer/testis (CT) antigens--immunogenic protein antigens that are expressed in testis and a proportion of diverse human cancer types--are promising targets for cancer vaccines. To identify new CT antigens, we constructed an expression cDNA library from a melanoma cell line that expresses a wide range of CT antigens and screened the library with an allogeneic melanoma patient serum known to contain antibodies against two CT antigens, MAGE-1 and NY-ESO-1. cDNA clones isolated from this library identified four CT antigen genes: MAGE-4a, NY-ESO-1, LAGE-1, and CT7. Of these four, only MAGE-4a and NY-ESO-1 proteins had been shown to be immunogenic. LAGE-1 is a member of the NY-ESO-1 gene family, and CT7 is a newly defined gene with partial sequence homology to the MAGE family at its carboxyl terminus. The predicted CT7 protein, however, contains a distinct repetitive sequence at the 5′ end and is much larger than MAGE proteins. Our findings document the immunogenicity of LAGE-1 and CT7 and emphasize the power of serological analysis of cDNA expression libraries in identifying new human tumor antigens.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1998 National Academy of Sciences