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Skull, Mandible, and Metapodials of the Extinct Harrington's Mountain Goat (Oreamnos harringtoni)

Jim I. Mead and Mark C. Lawler
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Vol. 14, No. 4 (Feb. 15, 1995), pp. 562-576
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4523594
Page Count: 15
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Skull, Mandible, and Metapodials of the Extinct Harrington's Mountain Goat (Oreamnos harringtoni)
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Abstract

Chester Stock (1936) described a late Rancholabrean species of extinct mountain goat (Oreamnos harringtoni) based on scant remains from a cave in the Great Basin, Nevada. We present a review using cranial, mandibular, and metapodial remains of O. harringtoni from 13 localities in the southwest. The extinct mountain goat is not just a smaller form of the living species, O. americanus. O. harringtoni has metapodials 25% smaller than those of the living species, indicating that the mountain goat is shorter; however, its feet are relatively robust. Its masticatory region is robust but is situated on a narrower face; the apparently longer, narrower face is accentuated by the presence of thinner and smaller horns.

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