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Policy Roles: An Analysis of Policy Formulators and Policy Implementors

Thomas B. Smith
Policy Sciences
Vol. 4, No. 3 (Sep., 1973), pp. 297-307
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4531533
Page Count: 11
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Policy Roles: An Analysis of Policy Formulators and Policy Implementors
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Abstract

This paper presents an empirical analysis of individuals in policy formulating and policy implementing roles. Data for the comparison are from interviews with a random sample of 119 New Zealand middle-level public administrators from 27 government departments. The individuals in the policy formulating roles were slightly younger; however, those in the formulating and implementing roles varied little from each other in terms of social background, educational attainment and career patterns. Few differences were evident in regard to job satisfaction, decisional authority, and hierarchical relations. Significant differences between policy formulators and policy implementors were discovered in terms of work load, career aspirations, and awareness of political influences in governmental policymaking. From the evidence of this study, the New Zealand administrative system does not allocate policy formulating roles to individuals different from those who implement policies. Differences between formulators and implementors in the New Zealand system appear to stem from the nature of the work of the two policy roles.

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