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Individual Recognition by Olfaction in the Wood Mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus

Robert J. Wolton
Behaviour
Vol. 88, No. 3/4 (1984), pp. 191-199
Published by: Brill
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4534325
Page Count: 9
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Individual Recognition by Olfaction in the Wood Mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus
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Abstract

1. An adult male and an adult female wood mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus (L.), were trained to discriminate between the odours of individual conspecifics in a 'Y' maze. The odour sources considered were faeces and urine. 2. The experimental mice and those from which the faeces and urine were collected were all born in the wild: the males had scrotal testes and the females were imperforate. 3. The experimental male was successfully trained to discriminate between the faecal odours and between the urine odours of two males. 4. The experimental female was successfully trained to discriminate both between the urines of a male and a female and between their faeces, and between both the urines and faeces of two females. /// 1. Je ein adultes Waldmausmännchen und -weibchen, Apodemus sylvaticus (L.), wurde darauf dressiert, Gerüche arteigener Individuen in einem 'Y'-Labyrinth zu unterscheiden. Als Geruchsquellen wurden Kot und Urin verwendet. 2. Sowohl die im Experiment verwendeten Tiere als auch jene, von welchen Kot und Urin gesammelt wurde, waren wild geboren. Die Hoden der Männchen befanden sich im Scrotum, die Vagina der Weibchen war geschlossen. 3. Das Männchen wurde erfolgreich darauf dressiert, zwischen Kotgeruch zweier Männchen sowie deren Uringeruch zu unterscheiden. 4. Das Weibchen wurde erfolgreich darauf dressiert, sowohl zwischen Urin wie Kot eines Männchens und Weibchens als auch zwischen Urin und Kot zweier Weibchen zu unterscheiden.

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