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Geographical Ecology of Paraguayan Bats: Spatial Integration and Metacommunity Structure of Interacting Assemblages
Richard D. Stevens, Celia López-González and Steven J. Presley
Journal of Animal Ecology
Vol. 76, No. 6 (Nov., 2007), pp. 1086-1093
Published by: British Ecological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4539220
Page Count: 8
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1. We examined the relative contributions of regional spatial characteristics and local environmental conditions in determining Paraguayan bat species composition. 2. We used a suite of full and partial redundancy analyses to estimate four additive partitions of variance in bat species composition: (a) unexplained variation, (b) that explained purely by spatial characteristics, (c) that explained purely by local environmental conditions and (d) that explained jointly by space and environment. The spatial component to bat species composition was greater than the environmental component and both pure spatial and pure environmental characteristics accounted for significant amounts of variation in bat species composition. 3. Results from variance decomposition suggest that the mass effects model describes metacommunity structure of Paraguayan bats better than species sorting or neutral models. Such mass effects may potentially be general for bats and could explain the inability of purely local factors to fully account for bat community organization. Mass effects also have substantial conservation implications because rescue effects may enhance the persistence of mobile species in fragmented landscapes with relatively few protected sites.
Journal of Animal Ecology © 2007 British Ecological Society