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Occupational Safety and Health: Progress toward the 1990 Objectives for the Nation
J. Donald Millar and Melvin L. Myers
Public Health Reports (1974-)
Vol. 98, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1983), pp. 324-336
Published by: Association of Schools of Public Health
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4627449
Page Count: 13
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Occupational safety and health is 1 of 15 areas addressed in the Public Health Service's Objectives for the Nation. This area represents 104 million working men and women and the deaths, diseases, and injuries that result from exposures to hazards in their work environment. Characteristics of public health practice are compared with characteristics of occupational safety and health practice. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), created by the Occupational Safety and Health Act, is discussed. NIOSH has developed a list of 10 leading work-related diseases and injuries. The list is headed by occupational lung diseases. Twenty Objectives for the Nation in the area of occupational safety and health are reviewed, and the status of NIOSH efforts toward their attainment is discussed. Five categories of objectives are covered: (a) improved health status, (b) reduced risk factors, (c) improved public and professional awareness, (d) improved service and protection, and (e) improved surveillance and evaluation. The potential for achieving these objectives is discussed, with special attention given to the lack of a data base for monitoring progress. A major conclusion is that surveillance in occupational safety and health needs to be strengthened.
Public Health Reports (1974-) © 1983 Association of Schools of Public Health