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A Quantitative Trait Loci Analysis of Zinc Hyperaccumulation in Arabidopsis halleri

Victor Filatov, John Dowdle, Nicholas Smirnoff, Brian Ford-Lloyd, H. John Newbury and Mark R. Macnair
The New Phytologist
Vol. 174, No. 3 (2007), pp. 580-590
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the New Phytologist Trust
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4640980
Page Count: 11
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Abstract

• The mechanisms of metal hyperaccumulation are still not understood, so we conducted a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of zinc (Zn) hyperaccumulation in Arabidopsis halleri, in a cross between this and its sister species, A. petraea, in order to determine the number and approximate location of the genomic regions significantly contributing to this adaptation. • An F2 cross between the two species was made, and the leaf Zn concentration of 92 individuals was measured at both low (10 μM) and high (100 μM) Zn concentrations. Twenty-five markers were established that were distributed on all of the eight chromosomes. • Mapping of the markers established that they were essentially collinear with previous studies. QTLs exceeding a logarithm to the base 10 of the odds (LOD) value of 3 were found on chromosomes 4 (low Zn), 6 (high Zn) and 7 (both high and low Zn). Evidence for a QTL on chromosome 3 (low Zn) was also found. • This analysis validates a previously used method of QTL analysis, based on microarray analysis of segregating families. Genes that have altered during the evolution of this character should also be QTL: this analysis calls into question a number of candidate genes from consideration as such primary genes because they do not appear to be associated with QTLs.

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