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Syndecan-4 Signals Cooperatively with Integrins in a Rho-dependent Manner in the Assembly of Focal Adhesions and Actin Stress Fibers
Stefania Saoncella, Frank Echtermeyer, Fabienne Denhez, Julie K. Nowlen, Deane F. Mosher, Stephen D. Robinson, Richard O. Hynes and Paul F. Goetinck
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 96, No. 6 (Mar. 16, 1999), pp. 2805-2810
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/47444
Page Count: 6
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The assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers by cells plated on fibronectin depends on adhesion-mediated signals involving both integrins and cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans. These two cell-surface receptors interact with different domains of fibronectin. To attempt to identify the heparan sulfate proteoglycans involved, we used fibronectin-null (FN-/-) mouse fibroblasts to eliminate the contribution of endogenous fibronectin during the analysis. FN-/- fibroblasts plated on the cell-binding domain of fibronectin or on antibodies directed against mouse β 1 integrin chains attach but fail to spread and do not form focal adhesions or actin stress fibers. When such cells are treated with antibodies directed against the ectodomain of mouse syndecan-4, they spread fully and assemble focal adhesions and actin stress fibers indistinguishable from those seen in cells plated on intact fibronectin. These results identify syndecan-4 as a heparan sulfate proteoglycan involved in the assembly process. The antibody-stimulated assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers in cells plated on the cell-binding domain of fibronectin can be blocked with C3 exotransferase, an inhibitor of the small GTP-binding protein Rho. Treatment of cells with lysophosphatidic acid, which activates Rho, results in full spreading and assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers in fibroblasts plated on the cell-binding domain of fibronectin. We conclude that syndecan-4 and integrins can act cooperatively in generating signals for cell spreading and for the assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers. We conclude further that these joint signals are regulated in a Rho-dependent manner.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1999 National Academy of Sciences