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The Structure of Negation and Delimitational Particles in Japanese

Matsuo Soga
The Journal of the Association of Teachers of Japanese
Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan., 1976), pp. 65-83
DOI: 10.2307/489178
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/489178
Page Count: 19
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Structure of Negation and Delimitational Particles in Japanese
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Abstract

The implications of the contrastive particle wa and the emphatic particle mo occuring with quantifiers are examined. When these two particles occur in negative constructions, depending upon the scope of negation, they are ambiguous: if the stated quantifier is within the scope of negation in the underlying structure, the smallness of quantity is implied, but if it is outside the scope of negation, the greatness of quantity is emphasized. Furthermore, in terms of the speaker's (and hearer's) expectations, wa and mo are found to be in exact opposition to each other.

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