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Oncogenic Stimulation Recruits Cyclin-Dependent Kinase in the Cell Cycle Start in Rat Fibroblast
Shigeki Jinno, Shih-Chieh Hung, Hanako Yamamoto, Jie Lin, Akihisa Nagata and Hiroto Okayama
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 96, No. 23 (Nov. 9, 1999), pp. 13197-13202
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/49142
Page Count: 6
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The rat fibroblast NRK cells are transformed reversibly by a combination of growth factors. When stimulated with serum, NRK cells rely on cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4) for their S phase entry. However, when stimulated with serum containing oncogenic growth factors, they come to rely on either Cdk4 or Cdk6, and their S phase entry cannot be blocked unless both Cdk4 and Cdk6 are immunodepleted. Such change of dependence does not occur in the NRK cell mutants defective in an oncogenic signal pathway and, therefore, deficient in anchorage-independent cell cycle start ability, correlating Cdk6 dependence with this remarkable, cancer-associated phenotype. However, both Cdk4 and Cdk6 are activated upon serum stimulation, and neither the amounts of Cdk6, Cdk4, cyclin D1, and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors nor the activities or subcellular localization of Cdk6 and Cdk4 are significantly influenced by oncogenic stimulation. Thus, oncogenic stimulation invokes Cdk6 to participate in a critical step of the cell cycle start in a rat fibroblast, but by a mechanism seemingly unrelated to the regulation of the kinase. Given that many hematopoietic cells employ predominantly Cdk6 for the cell cycle start and perform anchorage-independent growth by nature, our results raise the possibility that the oncogenic stimulation-induced anchorage-independent cell cycle start of NRK is elicited by a mechanism similar to the one used for hematopoietic cell proliferation.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1999 National Academy of Sciences