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Matched Filtering in the Visual System of the Fly: Large Monopolar Cells of the Lamina are Optimized to Detect Moving Edges and Blobs
M. V. Srinivasan, R. B. Pinter and D. Osorio
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Vol. 240, No. 1298 (Jun. 22, 1990), pp. 279-293
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/49513
Page Count: 15
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At high levels of ambient light, large monopolar cells (LMCS) display spatially antagonistic receptive fields and a biphasic response to a brief flash of light from an axially positioned point source. In low ambient light the response becomes monophasic everywhere within the receptive field. Using the theory of matched filters, we infer that the LMCS are optimal for the detection of moving edges at high light levels, and for `blobs' in low ambient light. The spatio-temporal properties predicted by the theory are in agreement with experimental observation. At high light levels, the strong temporal inhibition, the weak, diffuse lateral inhibition, and the non-separability of the receptive field in space and time are all properties that promote the sensitivity to a moving edge. At low light levels, the lack of spatial or temporal antagonism enhances the sensitivity to a blob. Our hypothesis is reinforced by the observation that flies tend to walk toward the edges of a broad, dark vertical stripe at high light levels, but uniformly toward all regions within the stripe in low ambient light.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences © 1990 Royal Society