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Babylonian Origin of Hermes the Snake-God, and of the Caduceus I

A. L. Frothingham
American Journal of Archaeology
Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 1916), pp. 175-211
DOI: 10.2307/497115
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/497115
Page Count: 37
Subjects: Classical Studies Archaeology Architecture & Architectural History Art & Art History
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Babylonian Origin of Hermes the Snake-God, and of the Caduceus I
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Notes and References

This item contains 28 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • A.J.A. XV, 1911, pp. 349 ff.
    • XIX, 1915, pp. 13 ff
  • 8
    The Cults of the Greek States, Vol. V (Oxford, 1909), pp. 1 ff.
[Footnotes]
  • 4
    Ibid., p. 20
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Stein says in the beginning (p. 774)
    • Paus. VI, 26,5
    • Artemidor, I, 45
    • Lucian, Supp. tr. 42 u. 6
    • note to p. 178
  • 2
    This reference contains 12 citations:
    • Mtiller, in Arch. der Kunst, p. 504
    • Roscher (p. 2365)
    • II. H. 277, Diod. 5, 75
    • Preller, Philol. 1, 512 f. =Ausgew. Aufs. 147 ff.
    • Schol. II. o 256
    • II. O 343. Od. E 47, w 2
    • Od. w 5 f.; Verg. Aen. 4, 243; Hor. Car. 1, 10, 18
    • Hy. in Merc. 529;
    • Schol. Il. Z 256
    • Ueber das KfpiKoo Vgl. Böttiger, 'Llber die vorgeblichen Schlangen am Mercurius- stabe,' Amalthea 1, p. 104-116
    • Preller, 'Der Hermesstab,' Philologus 1, p. 512-522
    • L. Miller, Hermes-Stavens Oprindelse (see Arch. Anz. 1866, p. 219-24
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Ward (William Hayes), The Seal cylinders of Western Asia, Washington, 1910 (The Carnegie Institution)
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • De Sarzec, Ddcouvertes en Chaldie (Paris, 1883), pl. 44, Fig. 2, pp. 234-236
    • Heuzey, Coll. d'antiquitis chalddennes (Paris, 1902), pp. 280-284
    • Jastrow, Aspects of Religious Belief in Babylonia and Assyria, pl. 4
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Ward, p. 378, figs. 648, 205, 289, 284; cf. 285, 286.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Jastrow, Aspects of Religious Belief, p. 14, 426
    • Die Religion Babyloniens und Assyriens, I, 36 for the date ca. 3300
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Ward, The Seal Cylinders, p. 127-128, 215, 376
    • Heuzey, Sceau de Goudda, in Rev. d'Assyriologie, v. 135
    • VI, 95
    • De Sarzec, Dicouvertes;
    • Thureau-Dangin, Sumerisch-Akkadische Kinigsin- schriften;
    • Jastrow, Die Religion B. u. A. I., p. 79, 92, 93, 395; II, 955
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • King, History of Sumer and Akkad, Fig. 12, p. 47
    • Meyer (Ed.), Sumerier u. Semiten in Babylonien, pl. VII; Ward, Fig. 368d
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ward, op. cit., p. 128
    • Gudea's Cylinder A col. 28, 14-17 in De Sarzec, Dec. Thureau-Dangin, op. cit., etc
  • 4
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Jastrow, Die Religion etc., I, 395
    • Jastrow II, 955
[Footnotes]
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ward, p. 131
    • Bezold in Zeit. f. Assyriol., IX, p. 116
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Menant in Cat. de la Coll. De Clercq, pl. XV, 131
    • p. 182 and note
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Biblical Exegesis at Columbia University on Dec. 28, 1915
    • Langdon, Sumerian Epic of Paradise (Bull. Mus. of U. of Pa. Babyl. Sect. X, 1
    • N. Y. Nation of Nov. 18, 1915
    • Zagmuku; Ward, p. 136
  • 2
    Ward 823
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Gudea, Cylinder A. 5; 19-20
    • De Sarzec, Dicouvertes. For Ningishzida consult the index in Jastrow's three works: The Religion of B. and A.
    • Die Re- ligion B. u. A.
    • Aspescts of Rel. Bel.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Jastrow, Die Religion etc., I, 354.
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Jastrow, The Religion, pp. 544 ff.
    • Winckler and Abel, Thontafelfund von El-Amarna, Vol. III
    • Harper, Die Babylonischen Legenden von Etana, Zu, Adapa und Dibarra (Beitr. z. Assyr. II)
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Jensen, Keilinschriftliche Bibliothek, VI, I, 80-91
    • Ungnad, in Gressmann's Altoriental. Texte u. Bilder, II, pp. 65-69
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Die Religion, II, 776 ff., 782.
  • 2
    Layard, Nineveh, II, pl. 5.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Six, in Num. Chron. 1878, p. 119-120.
  • 4
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism, pp. 123, 250
    • Perdrizet, Rev. Etudes anc. III, 1901, p. 258
    • Dussaud, Notes de Mythologie syrienne (Paris, 1903), p. 24, 115
    • Jalabert, MBlanges fac. orient. de Beyrouth, I, 1906, pp. 175 ff
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    I, XVII, § 66, 77
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Six, in Numismatic Chronicle, 1878, p. 119
    • Pellerin, Milange, I, p. 189, pl. VIII, 12
    • Numi vet., pt. II, tab. III, 2
    • Imhoof, Griech. Miinz., p. 759, No. 772
    • Strong and Garstang, The Syrian Goddess (London, 1913, pl. I, and Fig. 7
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Ladelci, in Atti dell'Accad. pontif. t, 38, 4, February 1885
    • Milani, Studi e materiali, I, Fig. 4, pp. 37-39