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Against Iphigeneia's Adyton in Three Mainland Temples

Mary B. Hollinshead
American Journal of Archaeology
Vol. 89, No. 3 (Jul., 1985), pp. 419-440
DOI: 10.2307/504358
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/504358
Page Count: 23
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Against Iphigeneia's Adyton in Three Mainland Temples
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Abstract

An argument is made against the hypothesis that temples of Artemis at Aulis, Brauron and Halai Araphenides (modern Loutsa) had adyta because of Artemis' association with a chthonian Iphigeneia at all three sites. A chronological survey of early testimonia reveals that Iphigeneia is a figure of legend at Aulis, but a goddess or former goddess at Brauron. Her presence at Halai is not documented. Much of Iphigeneia's renown (and our confusion about who she is) is apparently based on Euripides' Iphigeneia among the Taurians and its ongoing popularity. Although the three temples all have inner chambers accessible only from the cella, the room at Aulis seems to reflect regional Boeotian conservatism, that at Brauron was probably used for storage of valuables, and that at Halai looks like a secondary addition to an existing cella. None can be proved to house ritual activity, or to be associated with Iphigeneia. The concept of the adyton as a specific architectural form is questioned, and a more secular role is proposed for these inner rooms.

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